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Driving the future of sustainable mobility

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This article was published on September 8, 2021

    IAA 2021 recap: Going big on micromobility and greenwashing

    IAA Mobility provides an opportunity for mobility companies to fly their green flag

    IAA 2021 recap: Going big on micromobility and greenwashing Image by: Oliver Tamagnini
    Cate Lawrence

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    It’s September, and in-person events are slowly returning to Europe. This week saw the return of the IAA fair. It moved from Frankfurt to Munich, and its new rebrand is the IAA Mobility. It’s an opportunity for carmakers to show off their latest designs and concept vehicles, but it’s also an event struggling to show its relevance.

    Is IAA show still relevant?

    Do people still visit car shows to look for their next purchase or aspirational car? COVID made car makers pivot sharply to online sales. Online vendors such as Tesla and Carvana, have shown there’s another way. Many brands are focusing on lifestyle integration.

    An example is Intersect by Lexus, where you can visit their coworking spaces, restaurants, cafes, and creative precincts without ever seeing a car. Most people don’t need a car show to convince them to buy — they’re online doing their own research.

    It’s possible that, as with events like MWC and IFA here in Europe, plenty of business goes on behind the scenes at IAA. Stallholders hold meetings with each other to talk trade and partnerships.

    If nothing else, many people are suffering from Zoom fatigue. An opportunity, therefore, to fist bump and hand sanitize with a few thousand people while drinking cheap beer is a legitimate enough reason for such as event.

    However, the Stellantis group (Peugeot-Fiat-Chrysler), Toyota, and Tesla are notably absent. Instead, the show has a hall of vintage vehicles and toy cars, suggesting a struggle to fill conference floor gaps.

    There’s a bounty of alternative vehicles at IAA

    Micromobility on display at IAA Mobility

    I think the biggest winners of the shows are the alternative modes of transport like ebikes, cargo bikes, and emopeds. There are over 70 bikes on show across two halls and an open-air bike circuit where visitors can try out new models on several test tracks. This is a hugely appealing way to make sales.

    It’s a necessary pivot. Car OEMs are struggling to win hearts and minds for all their concept cars and latest design features. After all, people are turning towards greener modes of transport.

    I predict we’ll see a very different show in about a decade. It’ll be one where carmakers woo fleet operators, not private owners. The core audience will come there to try out alternate modes of transport.

    IAA combines sustainability goals with a splash of greenwashing

    If you drank a shot every time you heard the words electric vehicle or carbon emissions, you’d be drunk in a minute or two. What we see at IAA is car markers pushing to get ahead to regulators in showcasing the latest electric vehicle and, yes, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

    It’s no coincidence that Hyundai held their own Hydrogen Wave Forum online yesterday (more on that soon).

    Chancellor Angela Merkel visits IAA Mobility

    Unsurprisingly, the event included a visit by the leader known locally as the “car chancellor” Angela Merkel. She earned the moniker for her efforts to protect German carmakers from tougher EU pollution regulations.

    German elections are at the end of the month and IAA Mobility is the place to be seen. Many parties support greener modes of transport. As a result, the last few months have seen greener streets. Berlin is full of pop-up bike lanes, parking places replaced by seating, and intentionally car-free streets.

    Greenpeace Germany announced this week that it is suing Volkswagen for an inability to meet the decarbonize rates agreed to in Paris. Protests against car culture have been a common lead-up to the show.

    Ahh…. Volkswagen. They can’t help themselves. Before Merkel’s visit, VWchief executive Herbert Diess had plenty to say. He claimed Merkel could have been “a bit more decisive” in some areas, such as incentives for electric vehicles.
    It’s a funny statement considering that VW’s dodgy practices (aka dieselgate) expedited the push towards electrification.

    An industry still reeling from dieselgate

    German automakers have a sordid history with greenwashing. In 2015, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that Volkswagen fitted software to over 11 million diesel vehicles. This allowed them to meet exhaust pollution standards when monitored in tests.

    But in real life, their emissions exceeded the limits. Some released up to 40 times more nitrogen oxide than legal limits.

    For the next five years, the EPA found the software in even more VW cars. Unsurprisingly, the deceit led to over 30 billion euros in fines, the sacking of the VW CEO, and jail sentences for two staff. Police filed charges of market manipulation against other staff members following the scandal.

    VW offered the affected car ownership compensation, but many pursued civil action to get the total cost of the vehicle they purchased. It left the public deeply distrustful of the carmaker’s claims.

    A time of reckoning for the auto industry

    The last year has not been easy for carmakers with COVID-19 shutdowns and the semiconductor chip shortage.

    According to the European Commission, the automotive sector provides direct and indirect jobs to 13.8 million Europeans, representing 6.1% of total EU employment. Some 2.6 million people work in the direct manufacturing of motor vehicles, representing 8.5% of EU employment in manufacturing.

    According to the Center for Automotive Research, the auto industry spends $16 to $18 billion on research and product development annually. The car industry funds 99% of this. It’s also a major consumer of products from many other manufacturing sectors. Without the auto sector, it isn’t easy to imagine manufacturing surviving.

    So, any loss in car manufacturing means a loss in jobs. This will, of course, be less of an issue as the bulk of factory floor roles are phased out by staff retirements, and mechanics hold iPads instead of wrenches. But for now, the automotive sector is hugely influential in Germany.

    Carmakers are focusing their energy on two major transitions as they move from diesel to EV and driven to autonomous vehicles.

    The IAA offers a space to showcase their collective efforts, even if most people spend their time testing bikes and riding in cargo wagons.

     

    Do EVs excite your electrons? Do ebikes get your wheels spinning? Do self-driving cars get you all charged up? 

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